Below are answers to some of our most commonly asked questions, organized by the following topics:
How does the Haas MFE Program distinguish itself from similar programs?
The Haas MFE Program is one of only two degree programs in financial engineering offered solely under the auspices of a business school. Most financial engineering programs are taught in mathematics, engineering, or operations research departments. As a result, MFE students learn about computational finance within the context of business and economic principles, and enjoy the additional advantages of the business school's career services, corporate contacts, and orientation towards business applications. The Berkeley MFE program is also the only financial engineering program that includes mid-program, winter internship as part of the curriculum.
What is the academic calendar for the MFE?
See our Academic Calendar page.
What is the difference between an MFE and other degrees?
MBA: The differences between an MFE and MBA are numerous. Some of the differences are obvious, for example the MFE program is one year, while an MBA typically takes two years. The MFE is a Master's degree in a specialized type of Finance, and an MBA is a more general, well-rounded business degree. Courses you might expect to take in an MBA program would be in Marketing, HR/Management, Accounting, and Finance. In the MFE program, we only cover these topics as they relate to the specific field of financial engineering. Most MBA programs do not require the high level of math, analytic ability, or computer programming experience required by the MFE program. The combination of skills obtained by MFE graduates (understanding of complex financial strategies, financial modeling ability. and computational proficiency) are difficult for employers to find in graduates of standard MBA or Engineering programs.
PhD: A PhD can take 5 to 6 years and is recommended for students who want to pursue a career in academia. To some extent, the MFE may be seen as an attractive alternative to a doctoral program in finance for those interested in commercial rather than academic careers.
CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst): Many people in the finance industry get their CFA in addition to advanced degrees in finance. The main difference is that a CFA is an independent certification process, not an academic distinction. For some jobs it is desirable to have both, but they are not interchangeable by definition.
I am interested in a Ph.D. at Haas. Does the MFE lead to a Ph.D.?
The MFE And the PhD are separate degrees, and, therefore, the MFE does not "lead to" a PhD. If you are interested in a PhD, you should contact the PhD program directly to learn about their admissions requirements.
That said, a few of our students have pursued PhD degrees after completing the MFE and have been successful in doing so. To pursue the PhD at Haas, you must apply separately after you have completed the MFE. For more information about admission requirements for the PhD program, please see the Haas PhD Program website.
Where do I get help as an international student?
For help and information about immigration matters, financial aid, work permission, and advice, visit the International Office website.
Note: The Berkeley International Office cannot assist with admissions questions. The International Office only works with students who have already been admitted to UC Berkeley.
The Berkeley International Office
2299 Piedmont Avenue (at the International House)
Berkeley CA 94720-2321
(510) 643-7289 (fax)
How many classes/units do I need to take?
Students will take 2 to 3 courses per term, which is about 2–6 units.
What are the application deadlines?
The application deadlines are the same as for the full-time option.
Do you offer student visas for international students?
Are grades in the pre-program courses used in admissions decisions?
Yes. We would like to know the grades of any courses you take to prepare for the MFE, and we will look at grades you get in our pre-program courses as well.
Do you have to be a UC Berkeley student to take the pre-program courses?
No, the pre-program courses are open to everyone. They are open enrollment courses, so you do not need to fill out any applications with the University. Because they are not part of the MFE degree program, you cannot get financial aid, student housing, or student visas related to your attendance in the courses. They are strictly courses to prepare you for the MFE program. You will receive grades and certificates of completion, but they will not be part of your UC Berkeley transcript.
How much do pre-program courses cost?
Pre-program course cost information can be found here.
If I am a waitlist applicant, am I entitled to the MFE student discount?
No, however, if you are offered admission after you have registered for the pre-program courses, we will refund the difference between the student rate and the regular rate.
Do you recommend preparatory math classes?
For students who have not taken a math course in more than 5 years, we do recommend some type of refresher course in order to excel in the program. If you are required to take a math course as part of conditional acceptance to the program, we will accept the grades from any accredited college or university.
We also offer the 30-hour foundation math course at Haas, which can be taken in the classroom or online.
For people who have taken the prerequisite courses some years ago, self-study is advised in addition to the foundation math course. One very good resource for self-study guidelines is offered through MIT's Open Courseware Program.
Please also see our Prerequisite Course List for a list of the courses you should have taken before beginning the Berkeley MFE.
I do not have a background in C++. What course could I take prior to entering the MFE program?
We recommend that you take 1 or 2 C++ courses.
You can find a comprehensive list of approved courses here.
What type of students do you look for?
The MFE program looks for candidates with a background in finance, economics, statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science or other similar quantitative fields.
How many people do you admit for each class?
Do you accept credits and transfers from other universities?
No, we do not. The MFE curriculum is designed so that each series of 8-week courses works in tandem. Finally, MFE courses are taught by the finest faculty in the UC system; we could not maintain the level of difficulty and quality of the MFE education from Haas if we allowed people to transfer in with credits. For the same reasons, we cannot allow students to "test out" of courses.
If admitted, can I defer enrollment?
If for some reason you cannot attend, you may reapply to the program. We will keep your supplemental application materials, such as test scores, transcripts, recommendation letters, etc. for one year and can add them to your new application so that you do not need to submit them again. However, we do not defer acceptances, so we cannot guarantee that if you are admitted one year that you will be admitted the next. We evaluate all available students each year for the next class.
Can you please evaluate my resume to see if my background is good enough for the MFE program?
We evaluate resumes and provide advice on how to prepare for the program during our information sessions, which are held on campus, in various locations around the world, and online. Our online information sessions are accessible and toll free from any location in the world. You need only a telephone and computer to join.
Do you have a waitlist?
Yes, however there is no official ranking of students on the waitlist. Once a spot is available, the admissions committee meets and decides which candidate on the waitlist will be offered admission. The number of students on the waiting list is not released, but the list is short. Since we keep admissions open until the program begins in March, you could receive an updated status at any time between the time you're placed on the waitlist and the time the program begins. Of course, we will always notify you on the website with any status change as soon as it is available.
Can I come in for an interview?
You will be contacted by the MFE office if an interview is needed to make a decision on your application. If you live in the San Francisco Bay Area, we encourage you to come to one of our information sessions, which are held on the first Monday of every month at Haas from 12:00p.m.-1:00p.m. Please check the schedule on our website for location and registration info. For those who are not able to join one of our on-campus sessions, we hold online sessions biweekly on Wednesdays. Please check the schedule on our website for registration information.
What are the admissions requirements?
Graduate Division Admissions Requirements:
Valid degree from an accredited institution, comparable to the 4-year Bachelor's Degree from Berkeley. Sufficient training to undertake graduate study in the chosen field. A satisfactory scholastic average, usually a minimum of 3.0 in upper division work. International applicants: refer to the application packet for full requirements.
MFE Admissions Requirements:
Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) General Test. A strong quantitative background including linear algebra, multivariate calculus, differential equations, numerical analysis, and advanced statistics and probability. Prior experience in computer programming (C++, Python) and familiarity with computers as a computational and management tool. Excellent writing, speaking, and presentation skills (in English).
MFE Admissions Recommendations:
Experience with statistical and econometric applications. (Examples: Sas, Gauss, RATS, S-Plus, and Garch.)
In some cases, applicants may be admitted conditionally on the successful completion of one or more recommended courses before enrollment in the program.
Is work experience required?
No, but work experience is recommended. It is also a key component to finding a full-time job after graduation from the MFE. View the class profile to see the average years of work experience of our current class.
Do you require an undergraduate degree in finance or business?
Formal training in economics and finance is not required, but preferred. Though there is no specific degree requirement, most students will have undergraduate or graduate degrees in finance, economics, statistics, mathematics, engineering, computer science, or other similar quantitative fields. The common requirement for all students in the program is that they enter it with a high level of intellectual curiosity and a strong interest in finance. Please see our Prerequisite Course List for further information on preparation for the MFE.
What if I have not completed all of the prerequisite courses? Can I still apply?
Students who have completed most, but not all of the prerequisite courses are encouraged to apply as long as they have a plan in place to complete the courses prior to the start of the MFE program to which they are applying. In fact, there is a question in the application that asks which courses the applicant plans to take prior to the MFE; this would be an appropriate place to list the plan of study.
Do I need to take all of the courses listed in the prerequisite course chart to be considered "eligible" for the MFE program?
You will need to have taken, or have a plan in place to take, the courses listed in the prerequisite course chart before the program you are applying to is scheduled to begin. You should also plan to take all of the pre-program courses in addition to the prerequisites as they will help to fill in any "gaps" you may have and to reinforce your understanding of the basic concepts. All courses should be taken for a grade, and grades should be "B" or higher.
You do not necessarily need to complete all of the coursework prior to submitting your application, but you do need to have a clear plan in place to complete the coursework between the time of application and the time the program begins.
Am I eligible to apply if I have an MBA degree?
Yes. The MBA and MFE are considered to be different and not duplicate degrees, and, therefore, there is no restriction against applying to the MFE if you hold an MBA. There are usually a handful of former MBAs in each MFE class.
Am I eligible to apply to the MFE program if I received a bachelor's degree from India?
Minimum academic requirements for international applicants are a 4-year bachelor's degree or a master's degree (2 years after your bachelor's degree). Recognized basic or first degrees from India include B. Engineering (in Engineering only), B.Sc in Engineering, B. Tech, B. Architecture, B. Veterinary Medicine, B. Agriculture, B. Pharmacy, or a Master's degree in a non-engineering field. Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants, Institute of Cost Works Accountants, Associate of Business Management, and Associate of Institute of Engineers are NOT acceptable as substitutes for a 4-year degree. You are ineligible to apply with only a 3-year bachelor's degree; therefore, you would need to complete a master's degree (2 years after your bachelor's degree) in order to apply. A Postgraduate Diploma (PGDM) awarded by the Indian Institutes of Management at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calcutta, and Lucknow (2 years beyond bachelor's) can be counted towards the 4-year requirement for a basic or first degree. For specific details, contact the UC Berkeley Graduate Division at email@example.com.
My GPA does not meet the minimum required for admission. In this case, should I still apply to the Berkeley MFE program?
Because our admissions process is comprehensive, and we review all of the aspects of a candidate's background, including professional skills, test scores, coursework completed, recommendation letters, essays, interview results, etc., it is impossible to tell a candidate whether she or he will be successful without seeing the full application. That said, although we typically select students who have impressive academic backgrounds, we also look for people with great professional skills and have, at times and in certain circumstances, admitted candidates with lower GPAs, but with valuable experience. Please note, however, that our process is extremely competitive.
I will complete my basic (i.e. Bachelor's) degree before the start of the MFE program, but not before the admissions deadline. Can I still apply?
Yes, as long as the degree will be complete before the start of the MFE program, you can apply. Simply send the most recent copy of your transcripts that is available, and we will use that for review.
Can I start an application or submit materials for a future application year?
If you start an application and do not submit it, then we will purge your application at the end of our admissions cycle. Therefore, we advise that you do not submit information pertaining to a future application to us through our website until we have opened the application for that term.
You can, however, submit paper documents to us (paper recommendations and transcripts) up to one year in advance of the application cycle for the term to which you wish to apply, and we will keep them on file for you. Please note that we request, as always, that you do not send us documents that you wish to have returned to you until such time as we request them.
I would like to reapply to the MFE program. What is the reapplication procedure?
If you would like to reapply to the MFE program, we will keep your file for up to one year after your most recent application. You will need to open a new application account and fill out the information pages. When you come to the essay section, click on the "Reapplicant" button. You will only be required to submit the fifth essay question although you may submit any of the other essays if you feel that you want to inform the admissions committee of any aspect of your profile that might have changed. You will also be required to submit the application fee.
We will keep test scores (as long as they are valid), recommendation letters, transcripts, and other materials from your previous application. There is no need to resubmit these unless you would like to update your information or provide us with additional information unless we specifically ask you to do so.
What is the application fee?
The fee is $275 and is non-refundable.
Can I pay the application fee by credit card?
The MFE Program accepts both credit card and check, though using a credit card is strongly encouraged.
What is a rolling deadline?
A rolling deadline means that we accept students year-round, as the applications come in. Spots fill up as the year progresses and each application deadline passes.
What are the application deadlines?
For the application deadlines, click here.
Some applicants may be offered a conditional admittance with the requirement that they successfully complete a prescribed course of study at a fully accredited educational institution prior to enrollment.
Once you submit your application, you will receive an immediate electronic notification that your application has been received. All appropriate documents will then be matched to your online submission. If your application is incomplete, you will see a list of missing items in the status page after you have submitted your application online. We recommend you check your application status before contacting the MFE admissions office.
You can also check the status of your application by logging on to the application website with your user name and password.
How do I make a change or addition to my application once it has been submitted?
Please be careful and check your application before submitting it online. If you find an error or want to make an addition, you can notify us of the changes or additions in one of two ways:
Via Email: indicate your first and last name in the title of the email and send it to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Mail the change/addition to:
Master of Financial Engineering Program
University of California, Berkeley
S545 Haas School of Business, #1900
Berkeley, CA 94720-1900
Can I submit my GRE/GMAT scores, transcripts, recommendation letters, or other materials after I have submitted my application?
Yes, however, please note that your file will not be complete until you have submitted these documents, and we will not begin to review your file until it is complete.
When scanning my transcripts, must I scan the official transcripts, or can I send scans of unofficial transcripts that I have downloaded from my school's portal?
Please send scans of official transcripts only. In addition, we need to have you scan the back of each page, as it often contains information that is important to us.
If I submitted scanned copies of my transcripts, when will I need to submit the originals?
When we have offered you admission or offered you a place on our waitlist, we ask that you send official copies of your transcripts and degree certificates (where necessary) ASAP. The Graduate Division will not be able to finalize your admission until these documents have been received.
What is your minimum TOEFL requirement?
The Berkeley campus requires a score of at least 570 for the paper-and-pencil version of the TOEFL, at least 230 for the computer-based TOEFL, and at least 90 for the internet based TOEFL. The test scores may not be more than 2 years old. Click here for more details.
Can I waive the TOEFL requirement?
You may waive the TOEFL if you have been studying for more than one year toward a degree at an accredited institution in the United States or hold an undergraduate degree from a country where the primary language is English, such as the UK, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Canada (except Quebec, although students from McGill and Concordia Universities do not need to take the TOEFL), and some African countries; students from Hong Kong who have attended the City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Baptist College, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and the University of Hong Kong do not need to take the TOEFL.
What is your minimum GMAT/GRE requirement?
We anticipate that the most successful applicants will have GMAT or GRE Quantitative scores in the 90th percentile. Verbal and Analytical scores should also be strong. The test scores may not be more than 5 years old, counted from the date of entry to the program.
Can I waive the GMAT/GRE requirement?
The results of these tests, particularly your quantitative score, are essential to our evaluation of your application. They may not be waived. There are two exceptions to this rule; full details are available here.
My GRE or GMAT scores are lower than the average scores of the admitted students. Can I still be considered for admission?
Yes. Our admissions process is comprehensive, and we consider a number of factors when reviewing candidates for admission. That said, if your scores fall significantly lower than our averages, we strongly suggest that you retake the exams to try for higher scores.
How can I order my official test scores report?
When ordering GRE Score reports, applicants should use institution code 4833 and department code 4399. For GMAT, use institution code N2V-PT-87. For TOEFL, use institution code 4833 and department code 82.
When reporting my TOEFL scores, which codes should I use?
When ordering TOEFL reports, use institution code 4833, select "Graduate School" (not "Graduate School of Management") and department code 82.
When reporting my GRE or GMAT scores, which codes should I use?
We require either the GMAT or GRE. All GMAT and GRE scores are valid for five years from the start date of the program to which you are applying. When ordering GRE scores, use institution code 4833 and department code 4399. For GMAT scores, use program code N2V-PT-87. Applicants who will hold a PhD degree before December 31, 2018 can waive the GRE requirement.
Who should write letters of recommendation?
Recommendation letters should be written by someone in a position to evaluate you either professionally or academically. A supervisor, project leader, or instructor/professor would make a good reference. It is imperative to have a reference from someone who knows you well enough to make specific comments about you. Form letters and stock letters are to be avoided. Please note that letters from friends, colleagues, family friends, etc. are inadmissible.
Can I change or add recommenders after I have submitted my application?
If you wish to change or add a recommender after you have submitted your application, please send that person our recommendation form (available within the application instructions), and have that person fill it out and send it to us via mail or email.
My recommender has not received the email instructing her/him how to log in and submit my recommendation. What can we do?
First, please make sure the recommender has checked her or his spam folder or junk email box. It is likely that our email was sent there. If this is not the case, then we are happy to resend the email to the recommender.
It is nearing the admissions deadline, and I do not think my recommender has been able to submit her or his letter supporting my application yet. Will my application still be considered?
Yes, although we will not be able to review your file until we have received two recommendation letters.
My status is "Waitlist." What does that mean?
A "waitlist" status means that we are unable to make a decision on your file at this time and would like to re-review your file at a later point. We will re-review all of the waitlist files periodically through the admissions cycle and will provide updated statuses when they are available. Since we keep admissions open until the program begins in March, you could receive an updated status at any time between now and then. Of course, we will always notify you on the website with any status change as soon as it is available.
If I am on the waitlist status, is it necessary for me to complete all the conditions I was given for my application to be considered further, or, for example, if I only complete one item, would that be sufficient to be reconsidered?
We will continue to consider all applications in the waitlist status throughout the year. Progress is important, though, so do keep us abreast of any progress toward completing your conditions.
Does the waitlist status imply that if I can meet the specified criteria that I would then be accepted into the program?
No, if you are on the waitlist status, there is no guarantee of admission if you complete the items we have asked you to complete.
How soon can I get a decision on my application?
The applications are processed thoroughly. If no items are missing from your file, you will be able to get an answer within the time frames listed below. If you need to find out the current status of your application, log on to the application website with your user name and password. Please do not contact the MFE admissions office about the status of your application unless the time frames below have passed and you have not received notification.
Deadlines for the current academic year can be found here.
What is the tuition and fee schedule for the MFE?
To view the tuition fees and schedule, please click here. Students are expected to pay in 4 installments on January, May, August, and January.
What financial aid is available for domestic students?
Domestic Students: The MFE Program has a limited number of scholarships. Most assistance is in the form of loans which must be repaid after graduation or dropping below 6 units. Federal financial aid in the form of loans is available for students who are citizens or permanent residents of the United States. International students can apply for private loans either with or without a cosigner. More information on the loan programs is listed on our financial aid page.
To apply for need-based and non-need-based federal loans, complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The data will be electronically transmitted to Berkeley's Financial Aid Office. The UC Berkeley educational code for the FAFSA is 001312. You must be officially admitted to the MFE program before financial aid can be processed. Due to the nontraditional academic calendar of the MFE Program, two FAFSAs (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) must be filed per MFE year.
What financial aid is available for international students?
Should I apply for financial aid before or after I am admitted to the Berkeley MFE program?
If you are indeed admitted to the Berkeley MFE program, you must wait until after you are formally admitted by the graduate division to apply for aid.
Are fellowships or assistantships available?
Currently there are no fellowships or assistantships associated with the MFE Program. View information about UC Berkeley Graduate Division awards and fellowships.
How many students were able to get internships?
Please see our internship page for the most current internship statistics.
Are the internships guaranteed?
Each student is expected to be actively involved with the MFE staff in obtaining an internship that assists her/him to gain exposure to the real-world application of her/his degree. Although it is not possible to guarantee each student an internship, every effort is made to help you secure an internship. All students must complete an internship or an on-site project approved by the MFE program in order to graduate.
What career resources are available to MFE students?
MFE students have access to a dedicated career services office. In addition, MFE students also have access the same Haas Career Center facilities as MBA students and to the UC Berkeley Career Services office, which serves all UC Berkeley students. In addition to programs offered by the Career Center, the MFE office schedules mock-interviewing and résumé workshops, dedicated 1:1 career advising, and resume and cover letter writing assistance, as well as MFE-specific recruiting events.
What is the employment data for MFE graduates?
Job employment data can be found on the Placement Report page.
What was the average salary for MFE graduates?
Salary data can be found on the Placement Report page.
Which careers would a Master of Financial Engineering feed into?
Our graduates are offered positions as risk managers, investment bankers, derivative traders, designers of specialized securities, data scientists and financial engineers. Employers include investment banks, commercial banks, financial consultants, financial and database software suppliers, technology firms, financial regulators, and exchanges.
Can you assist individuals who are not part of the MFE Program in finding internships and/or full-time positions?
Unfortunately, we are unable to assist individuals who are not registered students or alumni of the MFE Program with their search for internships or full-time positions. Our career placement resources are available only to MFE students.
Notice of Availability:
In compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, the University of California, Berkeley publishes an Annual Security and Fire Safety Report. This report includes current security policies plus crime and fire statistics for the previous three calendar years. The body of the report also contains contact information for various campus and community resources related to crime prevention and survivor assistance. A digital copy of the 2019 Annual Security and Fire Safety Report can be accessed on the UCPD website, or paper copies are available free of charge at 1 Sproul Hall.